Understanding the endocrine System

How important is it?

The endocrine system is a network of glands that help control the following processes and systems:
Growth and development
Homeostasis (the internal balance of body systems)
Metabolism (body energy levels)
Reproduction
Response to stimuli (stress and/or injury)

The endocrine system performs these functions through glands, which are small but highly important organs that produce, store, and secrete hormones into the bloodstream.

The glands of the endocrine system are:
Hypothalamus
Pineal Gland
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid
Parathyroid
Thymus
Adrenal
Pancreas
Ovaries
Testes

Mostly in clinic, I assist in treatment of HPA (Hypothalamus, Pituitary Adrenal -Axis) and HPTA (Hypothalamus, Pituitary Thyroid and Adrenal Axis).

Pancreas -insulin &  glucagon in the regulation of blood glucose

Thyroid -metabolism, which is your body’s ability to break down food and convert it to energy.

Adrenal the adrenal glands are two glands that sit on top of your kidneys that are made up of two distinct parts.

The adrenal cortex—the outer part of the gland—produces hormones that are vital to life, such as cortisol (which helps regulate metabolism and helps your body respond to stress) and aldosterone (which helps control blood pressure).
The adrenal medulla—the inner part of the gland—produces nonessential (that is, you don’t need them to live) hormones, such as adrenaline (which helps your body react to stress).

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